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Influence of Class Size on Students’ Performance in English Language

Influence of Class Size on Students’ Performance in English Language: An Exploration of Nandi County
2020, Chepsiror, E; Kigen, J & Munyua, J. (2020). Influence of Class Size on Students’ Performance in English Language: An Exploration of Nandi County, Kenya. Journal of Popular Education in Africa. 4(10), 71-91.


The research explored the Influence of Class Size on Performance in English in primary schools in Nandi County, Kenya. Class size was the independent factor while performance in English was the dependent variable. This question motivated the study: To what degree does Class Size affect the performance in English in primary schools in Nandi county Kenya? Open systems theory did the investigation. Mixed techniques Convergent parallel design was utilized.

The quantitative strand utilized Ex post facto Causal-Comparative and the Qualitative strand employed Grounded Theory. The target population was all elementary schools, head teachers, teachers of English, and kids in Nandi County, Kenya. Multi-stage and simple random techniques were employed. Expert and extreme case purposive sampling was also employed to pick instances.

The validity of the instruments’ outcomes was demonstrated as well as the trustworthiness of the qualitative strand. Four schools were piloted, and the reliability of the instruments’ findings was confirmed using Cronbach’s alpha.

Quantitative data acquired from closed-ended questionnaires for the quantitative strand and data from the observation schedule were analyzed with the use of SPSS version 22 computer software. Frequencies, percentages, and means descriptive were employed to assess data on the effect of class size on performance in English language.

At the same time, the qualitative data was gathered as well as processed into themes and narratives following the process of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and generating or validating findings. Narrative and verbatim citations were used to explain quantitative findings.

Triangulations of findings was done before interpretations It was concluded that class size influence performance in English language. The research advised that there is a need to recruit additional teachers to reduce concerns about the class size to increase the quality of teaching and learning therefore improvements of performance in English language in elementary schools.

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Parent-teacher communication is consequently a favorable predictor of students’ academic achievement in elementary schools. Such communication should be strengthened to make better the academic achievement of kids in the final exams.

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