ONLINE LEARNING, COVID 19 PANDEMIC LOCKDOWN ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

INTRODUCTION TO CHAPTER ONE

The Study’s Context Academic success is evaluated using a criterion of test results rather than comparing students to others. The determinant for measuring is the score. Examinations are used to differentiate students’ levels of knowledge in order for them to advance in their studies, receive scholarships, and get a higher admission level at top colleges (Habibah et al., 2011).

 

Academic performance, according to Duruji, Azuh, and Oviasogie (2014), refers to a student’s level of achievement in his or her activities and studies. Grades are the most well-known metric of academic accomplishment since they indicate the student’s “score” for their courses and overall tenure. Academic performance is used to gauge success in most educational institutions.

 

In this situation, how well a student satisfies criteria established by the institution or an external assessment body established by the government or an independent organization denotes success or excellent performance. According to Olaitan (2017), academic achievement is a critical instrument for assessing a student’s success, competence, and potential to contribute to the growth of society.

 

The consequence of this is that pupils who achieve beyond the average of society’s standard are not only considered smart, but are also more likely to contribute significantly to the sustenance, growth, and development of such society, particularly in the future. As a consequence, every society continually monitors its kids’ intellectual performance at all levels of educational institutions.

 

Academic performance is the consequence of education, indicating how well a student, instructor, or institution has met their educational objectives. Academic performance is usually assessed by examination or continuous assessment, but there is no consensus on how it should be examined or which components are more essential, procedural knowledge such as skills or declarative information such as facts (Annie, Howard, Mildred 1996). These kids’ academic achievements in their academics are insignificant (Scortt’s 2012). Academic accomplishment refers to a student’s ability to write or speak precisely the truth or substance. This also indicates the degree to which the educational system has met its objectives.

 

Academic accomplishment reflects the degree to which pupils understand the topic. The global school closures were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic epidemic. Many measures were implemented during this time period to guarantee that schoolchildren, particularly those in exit courses, continued to learn and study. Online learning was a prominent tactic. Online learning was available prior to COVID-19. This resulted in the development of online learning systems accessible through the internet.

 

Online learning platforms are intended to help students with internet-based learning activities. Online learning connects professors and students with electronic devices such as Zoom, WhatsApp, Google class, Facebook live, and websites. According to Bentley and Golek (2004), online learning is a kind of distance learning or remote education that has long been a component of the American education system and has recently grown to be the biggest sector of distance learning. Because of the advent of advanced technology in the educational industry, online learning has become more effective. Agostin and Nosella (2020) emphasize that information may be sent in soft copy format and turned into hard copy version by printing.

 

In simple words, Eze, Chinedu-Eze, Okike, and Adenike (2020) defined online learning as computer-based (e.g., digital, videos, tablet, projector, operating system). A learning method that connects digital materials, system-based administration and monitoring assistance, and student-teacher interaction According to Michael (2009), online learning is a relatively new kind of education in which students study using their home computer and the internet. People who wish to work and study are increasingly turning to online learning.

 

It is a digital method of delivering information to the student that is easily accessible over the internet in the form of audio, video, and text. According to Shola (2008), online education is a kind of electronically enhanced learning that utilizes the internet to enable professors and students to communicate and distribute class materials.

 

According to Tunmibi, Ayooluwa, Adejoba, and Olanyi (2015), having an e-learning system is a crucial aspect of delivering complete ICT solutions inside schools. Because students and instructors may access material from anywhere in the globe, Blackboard and other comparable systems offer an easy-to-use, well-structured medium to aid learning and teaching.

 

Statement of the Issue The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the closure of schools throughout the globe in order to slow the spread of the virus, which killed many individuals in a short period of time. According to UNESCO, nearly 1.2 billion students were absent from school, and roughly three-quarters of the world’s school population had been impacted by school closures as a result of pandemic containment efforts. In Nigeria, around 2 million pre-primary, 225 million primary schools, and 10 million secondary school students were impacted. During the duration of the lockdown. Pokhrel and Chhetric (2021) saw a paradigm change in how educators give excellent education through different online platforms. Despite the difficulties that educators and students face, online learning, distance learning, and continuing education have emerged as a remedy for this unprecedented worldwide epidemic.

 

However, the degree of academic success among students is used to assess the use of online learning during the lockdown. Prior to the school’s closure, online learning was regarded as one of the most essential venues for learning. What was not determined was the degree of academic success of Nigerian secondary school students based on the introduction of online learning during the shutdown.

 

As a result, the purpose of this research is to determine if online learning has a substantial impact on the academic performance of secondary school pupils in the Ethiope East Local Government Area under the lockdown regime. Research Issues The study was guided by the research questions listed below. i. How often do secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA use online learning platforms during the COVID-19 lockdown? ii.

 

What effect did online learning have on the academic achievement of secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 lockdown? iii. How do students perceive online learning in relation to their academic success in Ethiope East LGA? iv. What are the barriers to implementing online learning in secondary schools in Ethiope East LGA? v. What are the answers to the obstacles to implementing online learning in Ethiope East LGA secondary schools? Hypotheses for Research HO1 There is no major use of online learning platforms by secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 shutdown. HO2 There is no substantial influence of online learning on the academic achievement of secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 shutdown.

 

HO3 In Ethiope East LGA, there is no substantial student impression of online learning on academic achievement. HO4 Adoption of online learning in secondary schools in Ethiope East LGA poses no substantial hurdles. HO5 In Ethiope East LGA, there are no substantial answers to the issues of implementing online learning in secondary schools. The Study’s Purpose The basic goal of the research is to determine the effects of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on the academic performance of students in secondary school in Ethiope East LGA, with the particular goals listed below.

 

Determine the frequency with which secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA used online learning platforms during the COVID-19 shutdown. Determine the influence of online learning on the academic achievement of secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 shutdown. Determine the relationship between students’ attitudes toward online learning and their academic achievement in Ethiope East LGA. iv. Determine the difficulties in implementing online learning in secondary schools in Ethiope East LGA v. Find out how to overcome the hurdles of implementing online learning in secondary schools in Ethiope East LGA. The Study’s Limitation/Scope The study’s conceptual scope is the impact of online learning and the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA’s academic performance. The study’s time duration spans nine months.

 

This period runs from April through December 2020. The Study’s Importance This research will assist students, instructors, and school officials. For starters, students will gain from this research since the findings will demonstrate the favorable effect of utilizing an online learning platform to improve academic achievement. Furthermore, the data will aid in understanding students’ attitudes regarding the use of online learning throughout the era of academic achievement. Second, secondary school instructors will be introduced to the influence of online platforms in educating students with ease, as well as how these online platforms are managed to improve secondary school teaching and learning.

 

As a consequence, instructors’ understanding of the use of online learning platforms in teaching and learning would improve. This research will aid school administrators since the findings will assist them in re-strategizing the deployment of online learning platforms and the many advantages on the academic performance of students in their institutions. Finally, since the research is new because of the time period and conditions surrounding the COVID-19 epidemic, scholars will find it useful. The Study’s Limitations While doing the study, the researcher encounters certain difficulties.

 

The study team addressed the problem of gathering secondary data on the COVID-19 epidemic and school uptake of online learning. The Study’s Operational Definition Online Learning: This is an electronic platform for teaching and learning that allows students to have a better knowledge of the school curriculum. COVID-19 is a SARS-2 Corona Virus variant found in Wuham in December 2019. Academic Performance: The degree of academic achievement or failure as a consequence of a prior competency exam.

 

Academic success is evaluated using a criterion of test results rather than comparing students to others. The determinant for measuring is the score. Examinations are used to differentiate students’ levels of knowledge in order for them to advance in their studies, receive scholarships, and get a higher admission level at top colleges (Habibah et al., 2011). Academic performance, according to Duruji, Azuh, and Oviasogie (2014), refers to a student’s level of achievement in his or her activities and studies. Grades are the most well-known metric of academic accomplishment since they indicate the student’s “score” for their courses and overall tenure. Academic performance is used to gauge success in most educational institutions.

 

In this situation, how well a student satisfies criteria established by the institution or an external assessment body established by the government or an independent organization denotes success or excellent performance.

 

According to Olaitan (2017), academic achievement is a critical instrument for assessing a student’s success, competence, and potential to contribute to the growth of society. The consequence of this is that pupils who achieve beyond the average of society’s standard are not only considered smart, but are also more likely to contribute significantly to the sustenance, growth, and development of such society, particularly in the future. As a consequence, every society continually monitors its kids’ intellectual performance at all levels of educational institutions.

 

Academic performance is the consequence of education, indicating how well a student, instructor, or institution has met their educational objectives. Academic performance is usually assessed by examination or continuous assessment, but there is no consensus on how it should be examined or which components are more essential, procedural knowledge such as skills or declarative information such as facts (Annie, Howard, Mildred 1996). These kids’ academic achievements in their academics are insignificant (Scortt’s 2012). Academic accomplishment refers to a student’s ability to write or speak precisely the truth or substance. This also indicates the degree to which the educational system has met its objectives. Academic accomplishment reflects the degree to which pupils understand the topic.

 

The global school closures were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic epidemic. Many measures were implemented during this time period to guarantee that schoolchildren, particularly those in exit courses, continued to learn and study. Online learning was a prominent tactic. Online learning was available prior to COVID-19. This resulted in the development of online learning systems accessible through the internet. Online learning platforms are intended to help students with internet-based learning activities. Online learning connects professors and students with electronic devices such as Zoom, WhatsApp, Google class, Facebook live, and websites. According to Bentley and Golek (2004), online learning is a kind of distance learning or remote education that has long been a component of the American education system and has recently grown to be the biggest sector of distance learning. Because of the advent of advanced technology in the educational industry, online learning has become more effective.

Agostin and Nosella (2020) emphasize that information may be sent in soft copy format and turned into hard copy versions by printing. In simple words, Eze, Chinedu-Eze, Okike, and Adenike (2020) defined online learning as computer-based (e.g., digital, videos, tablet, projector, operating system). A learning method that connects digital materials, system-based administration and monitoring assistance, and student-teacher interaction According to Michael (2009), online learning is a relatively new kind of education in which students study using their home computer and the internet.

 

People who wish to work and study are increasingly turning to online learning. It is a digital method of delivering information to the student that is easily accessible over the internet in the form of audio, video, and text. According to Shola (2008), online education is a kind of electronically enhanced learning that utilizes the internet to enable professors and students to communicate and distribute class materials. According to Tunmibi, Ayooluwa, Adejoba, and Olanyi (2015), having an e-learning system is a crucial aspect in delivering complete ICT solutions inside schools. Because students and instructors may access material from anywhere in the globe, Blackboard and other comparable systems offer an easy-to-use, well-structured medium to aid learning and teaching.

 

The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the closure of schools throughout the globe in order to slow the spread of the virus, which killed many individuals in a short period of time. According to UNESCO, nearly 1.2 billion students were absent from school, and roughly three-quarters of the world’s school population had been impacted by school closures as a result of pandemic containment efforts. In Nigeria, around 2 million pre-primary, 225 million primary schools, and 10 million secondary school students were impacted. During the duration of the lockdown.

 

Pokhrel and Chhetric (2021) saw a paradigm change in how educators give excellent education through different online platforms. Despite the difficulties that educators and students face, online learning, distance learning, and continuing education have emerged as a remedy for this unprecedented worldwide epidemic. However, the degree of academic success among students is used to assess the use of online learning during the lockdown. Prior to the school’s closure, online learning was regarded as one of the most essential venues for learning. What was not determined was the degree of academic success of Nigerian secondary school students based on the introduction of online learning during the shutdown.

 

As a result, the purpose of this research is to determine if online learning has a substantial impact on the academic performance of secondary school pupils in the Ethiope East Local Government Area under the lockdown regime. The study was guided by the research questions listed below. i. How often do secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA use online learning platforms during the COVID-19 lockdown? ii. What effect did online learning have on the academic achievement of secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 lockdown? iii. How do students perceive online learning in relation to their academic success in Ethiope East LGA? iv. What are the barriers to implementing online learning in secondary schools in Ethiope East LGA? v. What are the answers to the obstacles to implementing online learning in Ethiope East LGA secondary schools?

HO1 There is no major use of online learning platforms by secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 shutdown.

HO2 There is no substantial influence of online learning on the academic achievement of secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA during the COVID-19 lockout.

HO3 In Ethiope East LGA, there is no substantial student impression of online learning on academic achievement.

HO4 Adopting online learning in secondary schools in Ethiope East LGA presents no major hurdles.

HO5 In Ethiope East LGA, there are no substantial answers to the issues of implementing online learning in secondary schools. The basic goal of the research is to determine the effects of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on the academic performance of students in secondary school in Ethiope East LGA, with the particular goals listed below.

The Study’s Limitation/Scope

The study’s conceptual scope is the impact of online learning and the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on secondary school pupils in Ethiope East LGA’s academic performance. The study’s time duration spans nine months. This period runs from April through December 2020.

The Study’s Importance This research will assist students, instructors, and school officials. For starters, students will gain from this research since the findings will demonstrate the favorable effect of utilizing an online learning platform to improve academic achievement. Furthermore, the data will aid in understanding students’ attitudes regarding the use of online learning throughout the era of academic achievement.

Second, secondary school instructors will be introduced to the influence of online platforms in educating students with ease, as well as how these online platforms are managed to improve secondary school teaching and learning. As a consequence, instructors’ understanding of the use of online learning platforms in teaching and learning would improve.

This research will aid school administrators since the findings will assist them in re-strategizing the deployment of online learning platforms and the many advantages on the academic performance of students in their institutions. Finally, since the research is new because of the time period and conditions surrounding the COVID-19 epidemic, scholars will find it useful. While doing the study, the researcher encounters certain difficulties. The study team addressed the problem of gathering secondary data on the COVID-19 epidemic and school uptake of online learning.

The Study’s Operational Definition

Online Learning: This is an electronic platform for teaching and learning that allows students to have a better knowledge of the school curriculum.

COVID-19 is a SARS-2 Corona Virus variant found in Wuham in December 2019.

Academic Performance: The degree of academic achievement or failure as a consequence of a prior competency exam.