ROLE OF DISCIPLINE IN EDUCATION: EFFECT OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN EDUCATION PROCESS OF A CHILD

ROLE OF DISCIPLINE IN EDUCATION

The new reality of education emphasizes the need to establish a partnership relationship between the family and the school, a partnership in which students, teachers, and the family are in a reciprocal relationship, and that schools should communicate with the family in a more specific way for the roles required of them, and not just send a card or certificate to the house, parents want Helping their children, and society wants a good preparation for these children because they will bear the renaissance of society in the future.

The involvement of the family in the educational process contributes to overcoming many educational problems and difficulties, raises the level of student achievement, increases his motivation to learn, and provides him with many opportunities to acquire cultural and social trends, and also increases opportunities for social and academic education.

It has become known that many educational and educational problems arise as a result of the difference between home and school. Parents often oppose teachers or the school administration. On the other hand, teachers often do not agree with what parents do towards their children. Parents sometimes constitute a pressure force resisting and opposing change. And educational renewal or educational policy, which makes it difficult to achieve the goals of education, and parental participation is not a goal in itself, but rather a means to achieve educational goals because most educational goals are achieved or fail by the family rather than through the school The importance of this paper is manifested in knowing the importance of the family’s participation in the educational process, exploring the obstacles that limit this cooperation, as well as trying to monitor experiences and suggestions that contribute to activating the family’s participation in the school.

What is meant by the participation of parents in the education of their children?

Despite the growing interest in the issue of parents’ participation in the education of their children and the study of the relationship between home and school, the term parental participation is still ambiguous and there are many and multiple definitions and other synonymous terms that may differ or agree in certain aspects. Parents in the education of their children: (interference, association, participation, and partnership), and each of these terms have specific connotations that may reflect the sharing of power and strength between the family and the school. For example, the term “ intervention ” is related to various activities through which parents support the education of their children inside and outside the school under the supervision and guidance of the school, such as helping the child with homework or attending the open day, for example. As for “ connection, ” it means the activities related to learning inside the home, which the child can learn from through his interaction with his parents and family members. It may be directly or indirectly related to school learning, but it is not under the direction of the school, such as encouraging the child to read stories or practice useful hobbies.

“ Participation ” means the parents ’ participation in the school’s decision-making process, such as their participation in parents’ councils, for example.

In the end, “ partnership ” means sharing power and distributing responsibilities and roles in a close manner between the family and the school. The importance of the partnership between the family and the school :
The role of the family partnership in the educational process is an important factor and essential in the life of the student, in order to grow allows the pupil harmony and sound growth, the relationship between the family and the school of the most important elements that directly affect the student and the extent of achievement of scientific and collected, and can clarify the family relationship with the school in the following figure:
The involvement of parents and their interaction with their children has several forms and methodologies, and methodologies vary in their impact. There are two main areas of interaction:

First: family-oriented learning:
It includes simple strategies such as parents talking to their children, reading to them and playing with them, or it may be in a structured form such as providing training aimed at developing parents’ knowledge and skills, and such activities can be provided at home or outside through health centers, schools, community centers, or through the media and communication different social.

Second: The partnership between the family and the school.
Involving parent-teacher communication and parental involvement in the school community, it has been shown that parental involvement in their children’s early years of learning is closely related to their future academic achievement. The experience of international countries in the partnership of the family with the

school in the educational process :

The first indications of the experience of parental participation date back to the beginning of the last century. In 1911, Margaret Mo Milan established a school for children from poor families, and adopted several formulas for family participation through home visits, providing a place for parents at school, and encouraging them to spend as much time as possible in school.

Among the projects that have adopted parental participation as an essential component of their curricula is the “Educational The Project Area” project, where it is limited to home visits to inform parents about the educational process, types of books, organizing home visits, and clarifying the role and importance of parents in influencing the development of their children. The UNESCO report issued in 1996 calls for participation from the various state institutions, especially the family, in the educational process, and one of the studies showed that the most important partners with the school are: the family – the university – the educational authorities – companies – factories – public libraries.

In the United States of America, for example, the call for change was raised by participating in the America 2000 Strategy for Education document, that participation means that all groups and all disciplines participate in working together to improve and develop education because education affects every individual and every family, and on it depends on the future of the nation.

This also included in detail that every father and mother in America should be the first teacher for his children and that fathers would be given the opportunity for training and support so that they could perform this role, especially in the context of poor families and those with less fortunate educational and cultural opportunities.

The Indian government also gives the civil society represented by the parents the authority to manage and finance education, through the idea of ​​education bonds. The extent of global interest in the partnership of parents in the educational process and communication between the school and the family to keep pace with the present era, which is characterized by a rapid successive change in various areas of life and the components of the educational process.

It is clear from the above the extent of global interest in the partnership of parents in the educational process and communication between the school and the family to keep pace with the present era, which is characterized by a rapid successive change in various areas of life and the components of the educational process.

Strengthening the relationship between family and school:

Receiving parents, encouraging them and urging them to visit the school, and cooperating with them in improving the educational process, and throughout the school year in organized meetings for parents.
To raise the level of cooperation between home and school, with regard to exchanging opinions with them in many educational and administrative problems facing school work.

Cooperating with all media channels, to achieve awareness and spread the objectives of the Parents and Teachers Council, and to invest in cooperation between home and school.
Using a computer system that enables the student’s guardian to view the information about his son, whether it is academic or behavioral, over the phone.

Increasing studies and research related to cooperation between home and school, working to uncover shortcomings and weaknesses and finding solutions.

Forming the Parents, Teachers, Mothers, and Teachers Councils, which include representatives of parents, teachers, teachers, mothers, and representatives of students and parents.

Organizing group trips that include parents, teachers, and students, in order to increase communication and understanding between the school and parents.

Involve parents in the school’s work areas more, especially in organizing classes at the beginning of the school year, providing some family products, organizing books in the school library, and supervising some student activities.

Encourage students to take home some of their homework, and bring some homework to school.

This article shows the importance of communication between the family and the school for the success of the educational path of the children. We consider the family to be one of the most important social institutions that can establish a partnership relationship with the school, as parents are the first and foremost responsible, as parents play a pivotal role with teachers in the process of educating their children. And when they work together with sincerity, effectiveness, and sound planning, they undoubtedly contribute to achieving school goals.

In the end, parents’ communication with the school helps provide opportunities for objective dialogue, and contributes to solving the problems that students face, whether at the home or school level, and finding appropriate solutions to them. If the relationship or partnership between the home and school is lost, we will not see the ideal fruits that aspire to it.

ROLE OF DISCIPLINE IN EDUCATION

The importance of school discipline in providing an educational environment that encourages the learning process, as school discipline is the focus of the educational process, and what are the reasons for school discipline?

Discipline represents the characteristic of commitment, respect, and seriousness of the individual, as discipline enters into many aspects of life, which is what the educational process adheres to.
The article discusses the following:

School discipline concept.
The importance of school discipline on students.
School discipline goals.
The benefits of school discipline.
Reasons for school indiscipline.
School discipline tips.

SCHOOL DISCIPLINE CONCEPT

School discipline, in general, is the student’s commitment to the school’s system and rules, and school discipline is the students’ commitment to the timetable for leaving and attendance, which is a major reason for the student’s main superiority and the rooting of the characteristics of commitment and respect for his appointments, so school discipline is the cornerstone in building the student’s future personality. It is one of the fundamentals on which the educational process is based.

Importance Of School Discipline On Students:
The importance of school discipline is an ongoing process of teaching students to understand, organize, and control their lives, which will help them succeed in the future.

The importance of school discipline on the student benefits him through:

Not being absent from the school day teaches the student questions and appreciation for the teacher.
The importance of school discipline is due to students gaining confidence in themselves and others and consolidating the relationship between them and their colleagues.

School discipline teaches students to stick to lessons, maintain school supplies, and keep their school and personal hygiene clean.

It gives the student the ability to control and organize in their academic and daily life.

The importance of school discipline is due to the student taking responsibility, in maintaining the school and not throwing trash, maintaining the school uniform, and helping to refine the student’s spirit and personality.
Evaluate students’ behavior and teach them to listen and pay attention to the teacher and others.
The importance of school discipline on students achieves ways of social communication between the student, the teacher, and the community.

In the end, the importance of school discipline on students is to achieve discipline, communication, and rooting of good behaviors for the student, which will achieve continuous successes in the academic process and in his future life.

School discipline goals:
Many educational systems seek to educate and train students in school commitment and discipline, with the help of the family and by rooting the principle of school love in the child from a young age.
Therefore, every educational system must put in a school by law the objectives of school discipline in order to positively affect teachers and students.

Benefits of school discipline:
The student’s commitment to discipline and attendance of all lessons and classes enables him to achieve a better picture of success and preparation for the exam.

The benefits of school discipline are many, including:

Strengthening the mental abilities of the student:
Where it works to enhance intelligence, attention, and benefit from its teachers, and not absenteeism enables the student to discuss and understand all materials, develop the student’s personality and his ability to deal and communicate with all ages, and set an example and an example for the student through his attendance at school and his understanding of ways to communicate with his teachers.

Increase the student’s self-confidence:
One of the benefits of school discipline on students is that it enables him to deal with different age groups during his school day, which helps him to form a social, non-introverted personality, and raise his estimates so as to win the admiration of teachers and classmates, which makes him confident in himself and his abilities to succeed.

Gaining the love of teachers and parents together:
There are several goals that the educational system seeks, including:

Discipline is one of the reasons for the success of the educational process because the student derives from the school all the scientific and practical information that pertains to his daily life.
The goals of school discipline are concerned with the student’s interest, evaluating his behavior, good listening to others, and increasing his social aspect.

The teacher uses several advanced means to deliver information to the student, which makes the goals of school discipline achieve remarkable and positive success for the student.
The educational system seeks, among the goals of school discipline, to change the negative behavior of the student with positive behavior.

All parents wish for excellence and success for their children in their lives and studies. Therefore, one of the benefits of school discipline is that it enhances the trust and love of parents for their children and encourages them, which makes the child or student psychologically united and seeking permanent excellence in order to win the love of his teachers and the love of his parents.

Recognition and Awards:
The greater the student’s discipline, the more admiration he receives from his teachers and others, and thus increases his superiority and the higher his grades, which benefit him from the school presented him with several certificates of appreciation or symbolic prizes that encourage him to excel.

Reasons for school indiscipline:
The reasons for school indiscipline are many, ranging from interest and passion, to boredom and loss of desire, and many students seek to attract attention by truancy, or absenteeism from class.

Among the causes of school indiscipline are the following:

The students desire to play and spend time in entertainment and fun.
Student rebellion against school laws and established rules, as some of them seek to impose control.
Bullying and student exposure to harassment, whether from the teacher or his classmates.

The bad treatment of teachers with students, taunting and ridiculing them.

Family problems in a student’s life affect his lack of school discipline.

The school administration interferes with the privacy of the student and does not leave personal spaces for them.
Not wanting to make an effort at school.
Fear of failure, punishment, and punishment for not performing duties.
Thus, the reasons for school indiscipline are many and are rooted in the family upbringing of the child, as it is one of the main causes of school indiscipline, where the student behaves according to the behaviors and behaviors that he grew up in his home, which are reflected either negatively or positively in his school.

The school laws and the teachers themselves are among the reasons for the student’s lack of school discipline, in the strict and decisive laws that prevent the student from attending the class, as well as the harsh teacher who constantly reprimands the students as one of the reasons for the lack of school discipline.

To confront absenteeism and lack of discipline, there are several tips that the school and the family must follow to increase the student’s desire to attend school.

School discipline tips:
The importance of the school’s role in achieving discipline, an area in which great successes can be achieved. There are many schools that have a calm, regular and disciplined atmosphere inside and outside the classroom, despite their different sizes, types of students, social and economic influences, and geographical conditions. This discipline and fluidity in the educational process is not the result of luck or chance but is due to effective practices in controlling the classroom and the school in general.

This has led educators to study the features that distinguish disciplined schools and make them achieve high levels of behavioral discipline. When reviewing these features, it was found that they include all aspects of the main school environment, which means that discipline can only be achieved effectively with a holistic view that focuses on all those aspects and that any failure in one aspect will lead to the failure of efforts aimed at achieving discipline.

The most important characteristics of the educational environment of disciplined schools with regard to the following aspects:
Increasing awareness of the importance of school and discipline is one of the most important school discipline tips.

Establishing fixed laws to punish the absent and undisciplined and clarifying all the rules and regulations are among the school discipline tips provided in order to work on regulating attendance at the school.
Paying attention to school activities, summer trips, and social activities inside the school.
Adopting a creative method of study without the educational method based on routine.

Developing the teachers’ skills and how they deal with students in a way that makes them interested and love the school without being alienated from it.

Focusing on preparing the teacher on building his social skills, such as communication skills, problem-solving, as well as his leadership skills.

Paying attention to the educational process, developing the teaching skills of teachers, increasing the flexibility of study plans, and providing some optional courses for the student.

Introducing modern concepts in evaluating student achievement that does not depend only on tests, but rather employ various methods.

Providing the school with integrated counseling programs that can be applied and the counselors are trained on them.

Paying attention to the extra-curricular activities programs and involving all students, especially those students who are most likely to commit violations or those who are at risk.
These are the most important school discipline tips that every educational system should follow and put in front of every class to alert students and teachers to this.