Bullying or bullying in the school environment is one of the most serious problems that some students face in schools, as they are exposed to ridicule and abuse by their colleagues, followed by health, physical and psychological effects that may reach in some cases the idea of ​​suicide or suicide in particular, “Amman” with the end of the first week of the year The new school year and the return of students to the classroom reviews with psychological and social experts the dangers of bullying in the school environment and how the family knows that one of its children has been bullied at school, and its after-school effects.


To define bullying in the school environment, 3 conditions must be met, namely, the intent to harm, provided that it is repeated, in addition to the difference in strength between Both parties, and bullying bullying can be physical, verbal, social as well as electronic, and it is possible to know physical bullying in the school environment by removing part of the child’s clothes or the appearance of traces of beatings and bruises, or through the child losing his purposes at school, and these behaviors can be It affects the child psychologically and leads to his isolation or sadness as a result of these actions, or causes a deterioration in his academic performance, and the start of a change in his personality from what is accustomed to it at home from fun, happiness and others and enters the tunnel of depression, noting that the effects of bullying in the school environment may remain years, as it may remain until the stage of youth, and perhaps the measure of the survival of these effects depends on the type of bullying the child has been subjected to, his personality and his ability to deal with pressures and psychological support that he receives, both from the family and the teacher or from specialists.

There are no specific reasons for bullying to occur in the school environment, and bullying children may be committing these behaviors for reasons including the child’s previous exposure to bullying or as an expression of frustration or anger, and he may be facing problems at school or at home, including reasons also poor family education in addition to games And violent movies that can affect some children and make them more likely to be bullied, and sometimes bullying in the school environment is a performance in which the child tries to gain the attention of others as the child may not get good attention and care at home or at school, and some of the children Bullies, unfortunately, do not have a culture of respect for others, whether in schools or elsewhere, so most of the bullies are as weak as the victim and need psychological help similar to those who have been bullied.

A child who has been bullied in the school environment must have the ability to talk to someone in the school, such as the teacher, director, or social worker, as bullying causes a great deal of health and psychological consequences, and it is important for children to communicate with parents or teachers about their exposure to bullying, and the right person. To deal with cases of bullying in the school environment is the social or psychological specialist present in the school, and it is preferable that the child communicate himself with the specialist about being bullied, and later the family can intervene, as in the beginning, the child must talk about what he was exposed to, and it is very important to know the effects The consequences of the child being bullied, does he have anxiety or depression or any clear psychological effects, and then we treat these effects by resorting to specialists in this field.


There are interacting reasons that may contribute to the emergence of the problem of the bullying child and the child victim being bullied, and through practical monitoring of the reasons that contribute to the problem of bullying in the bully, most notably the methods of socialization associated with the method of cruelty and severe education, or on the contrary, by following the pattern of the lax method or neglecting the method Guidance or emotional dryness and psychological neglect, which may generate a negative and adverse reaction and feelings of intense emotion that translate into violent behavior or strong words or gestures that offend others without the child feeling that he has a behavior different from his peers and makes him feel that it is a pattern of basic behavior that accompanies him when interacting with others, whether in the same family circle or peers, in addition to false beliefs; Some families consider hostile behavior and bullying of others to be elements of masculinity, especially in the case of a male or a strong personality, in addition to the lack of family rules and the organization of the foundations of a relationship that lays foundations for respect within the family first and the determinants of the relationship outside the family, in addition to health factors or factors These are related to the shape and structure of the body, which may affect the child’s self-confidence, in addition to comparisons between the child and his siblings, which negatively reflect on the child’s behavior and are expressed in a form of bullying, in addition to external influences associated with visual viewing of what is presented in the media, messages of children’s films and scenes that focus on violence without Family control or directing to choose on television or social networking sites or because of the effect of electronic games, which makes the child an easy tool that is out of control, while the same reasons may be a reason to create the personality of a bully child, but what makes a child a bully and another bully is trust And the language of dialogue and psychological protection that parents give to express themselves and needs and defend them in the midst of family safety, which is absent from some families in light of the circumstances In social and family life, it may be noisy.

The family loses the natural atmosphere of education, which negatively affects the child’s entity and creates a shaky personality subjected to bullying, in addition to a culture of fear in which the child does not find understanding from the family when informing them of being bullied. The benefit of it is in addition to family preoccupation with following up the family dialogue and directing children to the foundations of self-defense and the foundations of proper behavior when subjected to bullying.


On the institutional level, the roots of the problem of bullying accompanies the student to the school environment, which causes him many challenges on the psychological, social and behavioral levels and is an obstacle to his academic development and school coherence, and even to his leaving the course of study, and the problem of bullying can be solved through family and institutional cooperation to discuss the problem and present Systematic solutions at the preventive, curative and developmental levels by helping the family to understand the methods of balanced education and socialization within the family, which establishes a child capable of interacting with the family and external environment within respect for the right of the other and respect for the cultures and backgrounds of each child separately, while instilling religious values ​​and the foundations of tolerance and softness in what not It contradicts the child’s right to defend himself and create wide spaces for interest in the child’s kinetic energy and various skills by finding an outlet from the world of talent and care with useful educational games that are appropriate to the child’s age and involving him in sports, swimming skills and the world of different sports or teaching him the arts of drawing and formation and visiting institutions that It is concerned with providing attractive and varied programs for the interests of the child, which will gain the child A world of positive values ​​and directs its energy to positive interaction with other departments, in addition to the family’s presence in the selection and refutation of what is presented on the media and various communication sites, in addition to focusing on providing family programs that help family awareness by achieving psychological protection for the child and programs to enhance self-confidence as psychological rights of the child contribute to Positive feeling and self-esteem, in addition to raising families’ awareness of early detection of all childhood problems, to facilitate early dealing with any problem that may be related to creating a bullying personality or a victim of bullying among children.


The presence of specialized groups in educational institutions, starting with kindergartens, with clear foundations for a clear and explicit dealing with the problem of bullying, contributes to the existence of solutions at the preventive, curative, and developmental levels through early detection of individual cases and the accurate treatment and diagnosis of them in cooperation with families and other institutions, in addition to the presence of orientation programs A specialist that suits each age stage separately. It helps in creating a positive behavior for the child by investing in the axes of school life, starting with the student riding the bus, in the school queue, inside school classes, squares, and in various halls, in which the child finds the spirit of organizing laws, optimal use of his energies, and participation in developing solutions to problems. And taking his opinion in the development of such laws with a clear understanding by specialists, school administrations and teaching staff of the mechanism of dealing with student behavior in a manner commensurate with the culture of right and duty for the child, and there is a need to understand the gestures and behaviors of bullying students and the bully with a clear link to everything that contributes, whether the family environment Institutions and the interacting parties as a direct or indirect factor in this problem, in addition to, uh Focusing on orientation programs that focus on the foundations of self-defense and the mechanism of dealing with various conflicts and teaching children the skills of conflict management and negotiation and to be peace makers in their different positions, stressing that the problem of bullying is not an urgent problem of the times, but its behavioral indicators and qualitative development in severity, impact and forms It requires that it be a serious issue within a framework of interactive partnership from different institutions to take the path of safe childhood development as a right and a religious, legal and societal demand with a sincere desire to present the message of awareness and the message of science before the pain that hinders the true message of childhood.


Motivation in the field of education is a very effective factory in raising the level of learner’s motivation to learn, and an important method in raising the level of achieving educational goals.

Most of us agree that the new generation of students is difficult to motivate to learn and gain knowledge in the traditional ways that we were accustomed to in the past.

With the emergence of the Corona epidemic at the beginning of the year 2020, and schools were forced to switch from physical education to distance learning, the education process witnessed radical changes at various levels, and it faced obstacles and challenges that it had not prepared for.

If the student does not have sufficient motivation, whether internally or externally, to study and knowledge curiosity, the learning that teachers, parents, and the educational system as a whole seek will not be achieved.

In this regard, the teacher can play a pivotal role in encouraging and motivating his students despite the difficulty of the task. In fact, he says that each learner needs us to create his own method to create a kind of motivation for his learning. The most experienced teachers go through difficult times in their search for the classroom. Enthusiastic and eager to learn.

In this regard, the teacher can play a pivotal role in encouraging and motivating his students despite the difficulty of the task. In fact, he says that each learner needs us to create his own method to create a kind of motivation for his learning. The most experienced teachers go through difficult times in their search for the classroom. Enthusiastic and eager to learn.

The successful teacher, then, is the one who tries to develop himself and raise the level of his class, so he will need some ideas to motivate students and lure them to love science and learning, In light of the tremendous development of the means of communication and technology that we live in our time, which can cause students a lot of contradiction between the traditional curricula and their lives that are full of advanced technology, the role of the teacher comes to encourage and motivate his students, and to create a rich learning environment that attracts the student and makes him more committed;

Therefore, in this article, we provide important tips for all teachers who want to motivate and encourage their students. these are some of them:

1- Making the student aware of responsibility:
Let learners take control of how they learn, and let them choose the tasks and homework they want. Also, do not forget that the classroom is a small community. It is good for the student to feel important in the classroom. Decorating the classroom and caring for plants are all things that make him feel responsible and proud.

2- Setting goals:
It is necessary to clearly define the goals of the tasks assigned to each student, as he needs to know what is expected of him in order to remain motivated to complete the task in the best way. So try to make a list of short and long-term goals and a set of rules that everyone must achieve or respect.

3- Create a safe environment:
Students need to learn in complete safety, as the fear of failure and the consequences of failure may lead to stumbling blocks with ominous consequences in the long run. Therefore, it is advisable to encourage students and believe in their abilities to overcome difficulties and retry when they fail, while supporting them psychologically and socially if necessary.

4- Changing the learning space:
As a teacher, you cannot sit behind your desk and wait for an impressive result in the classroom, students need constant renewal, you can take field trips, see documentaries, or just do group research in the school library… All of this can motivate the learner and create an atmosphere of fun and useful fun.

5- Creating an atmosphere of fair competition:
Competition in the classroom can be a positive thing if it is used educationally to serve the objectives set in advance. In some cases, students can be motivated to exert greater effort and excel through educational applications, for example, or traditional team games only.

6- Offer simple rewards:
It is one of the most important means of motivating students. You do not need a huge budget. A nice pen or a small box of chocolates may do the trick. Words of praise may be more effective sometimes. What is important is that the child or adolescent feels proud of receiving a reward after completing a task and encouraging others to set their own limits.

7- Encouraging teamwork:
Teamwork is one of the means that we agree on its efficacy and importance, especially for stumbling and shy students. Everyone is enthusiastic about cooperation, helping the group, and completing tasks, and it is a good method for scientific subjects that depend on observation and experiment.

8- Getting to know the students:
It is not intended to know the name of each student, but rather to identify his hobbies, achievements, likes, and dislikes… This gives him high confidence in himself and positively affects his behavior in the classroom and thus the process of his learning.

9- Dialogue and discussion:
Some lessons can be used to discuss some of the flaws and weaknesses that may create a kind of frustration for the learners. Standing there and looking for ways to overcome them will give everyone a sense of hope and the possibility of success.

10- Use of technology:
We have repeatedly talked about integrating technology into education and its positive effects if it is used in an organized methodology. The teacher does not have to dispense with the paper and the pen, but he should try to take advantage whenever the opportunity arises from what technology provides in this area of educational programs, tools, and applications. We touched on many things. Including in previous articles such as icebreakers in the classroom, for example.

11. Use caution when making negative remarks to a student:
Negative feedback is a double-edged sword. It can have a very good positive effect, as it motivates and motivates the student to improve his academic status; Or it can be a source of frustration and anxiety for the student; So, when addressing any negative remarks to a student, try to do it in a gentle manner, and mention the areas he was good at, and don’t focus on the negative comments only.

12. Giving students the freedom to choose the lesson:
Giving students the freedom to choose the lesson they want to go deeper in after you present them with several options will enhance communication between you and them and facilitate the learning process.
Some phrases that a teacher can use to motivate his students:
“If you give a man a fish, you will feed him for a day; but if you teach him how to fish, you will feed him for life.” – Maimonides
“You must learn to protect yourself with a pen, not a gun.” – Josephine Packer
“Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world.” – Nelson Mandela.
“The roots of education are bitter, but its fruits are sweet” – Aristotle.
“A person who has never done anything wrong has never tried anything new.” – Einstein.
“Start where you are, use what you have, do what you can.” – Arthur H.
“If you think education is expensive, try ignorance.”
“The difference between school and life is that in school you learn first, and then you pass the test; but in life, you take a test to learn from it.” – Tom Bodett
“Remember, a failure is an event, not a person.” – Zack Ziegler.
“Either you take a step forward toward progress, or you take a step back toward safety.” – Abraham Maslow.
“We will never forget what we learn with pleasure.” – Alfred Mercier.
“The secret to moving forward is getting started. The secret to getting started is to break your complex tasks into small, manageable ones, and then start with the first.” – Mark Twain.
“It is impossible for a person to learn what he thought he already knew.”
“The most important thing is to never stop questioning.” – Albert Einstein.
“Education is the gradual discovery of what we do not know.” – Will Dirant.
“Education is not a preparation for life, it is life.” – John Dewey.
“Learning begins with failure, and your failure is the starting point of your learning.” – John Hersey.
“Learning is a continuous process, like a bicycle. If you don’t spin the pedals, you can’t move forward.” – George Weh
“Believe you can do it, and you’ll be halfway there.”
” Motivate yourself by yourself, no one will do it for you.”
“Life has two rules: the first is not to give up, and the second is to always remember the first.”
“You don’t have to start to be special, but you have to start to be special.”
“There is always time for everything, so start where you are, and use whatever energy you have to do what you can.”
“Good things come to those who wait, but better things come to those who go out and take them.”
“ Success is the sum of small efforts that are repeated day in and day out.” – Robert Collier.
“Press yourself, no one else will do this for you.”
“The secret to success is doing the common things out of the ordinary.
“Successful or unsuccessful people differ not so much in their abilities, but rather in their desire to reach their potential.” – John Maxwell.
“If you can imagine a picture, you can make it a reality; if you can dream, you can make your dream come true.”
Success attracts greater success, and there is no escape from this great cosmic law, so if you want to attract success, be sure to achieve a part of it, whet a prince.
“We will never forget what we learn with pleasure.” – Alfred Mercier.
“The secret to moving forward is getting started. The secret to getting started is to break your complex tasks into small, manageable ones, and then start with the first.” – Mark Twain.
“It is impossible for a person to learn what he thought he already knew.”
“The most important thing is to never stop questioning.” – Albert Einstein.
“Education is the gradual discovery of what we do not know.” – Will Dirant.